February, 1979 Home   Newsletters

March, 1979

Apr, 1979

Schools - Badda' You?
League of Women Voters Day
Calendar
Units - Units on Schools
Tracking Federal Funds in the Thickets of City Finance
They Earn $ for League
Update: Appointed Boards and Commissions
Citizen Participation
By-Law Changes
Nominating Committee Report
Program
Membership
Proposed Budget - 1979-80

Citizen Participation

MODEL OF CITIZEN PARTICIPATION BASED ON AMOUNT OF CONTROL CITIZENS HAVE1

NON-PARTICIPATION (1. MANIPULATION (Appointed rubber-stamp advisory)
(2. THERAPY (Focus is upon the participants- the hidden agenda is to educate, influence, etc)
DEGREES OF TOKENISM(3. INFORMING (One-way communications)
(4. CONSULTATION (Two-way, but no assurance that ideas of citizens will be acted upon)
(5. PLACATION (Citizens have some influence but ( not much clout)
DEGREES OF CITIZEN POWER(6. PARTNERSHIP (Sharing of planning and decision-making responsibility)
(7. DELEGATED POWER (Partial or complete control)
(8. CITIZEN CONTROL (Partial or complete control)

The elected Neighborhood Boards may fit into the "degrees of tokenism" of the model above. A future Voter will provide some insights.

According to the table below, among the well-known means for citizens to be involved, the "public hearing" has advantages for the staff of the agency which requires some input. Neighborhood Boards may fit into the category of "advisory committees" in many ways.

VARIABLES IN THE APPLICATION OF SOME WELL-KNOWN CITIZEN PARTICIPATION TECHNIQUES 1/

* Can vary from Low to High depending upon situation.

1/ Citizen Participation Handbook, 1976, prepared by Div. of Community and Organization Development, University of Washington.

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