March, 1979 Home   Newsletters

Apr, 1979

May, 1979

Annual Meeting - Lunch - April 24
From the President - A Call to Annual Meeting! (Helen Griffin)
Everything You Wanted to Know about Bob Dye
Impact of Federal Funds
Earn $ for League: Volunteer
Annual Report of Elections & Vote Counting (Myrne Blomquist & Ruth C. Snyder)
We Oppose Bill 84!
Update: Development Plans

Impact of Federal Funds

The following are but a few of the questions our committee asked as we looked into CETA. We're also asking questions concerning the impact of CETA cutbacks beginning 1979. We'll have more information in future Voters.

WHAT IS CETA AND WHAT IS ITS PURPOSE? The Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) was enacted in 1973. Although it is administered by the Dept of Labor, the billions of CETA dollars are handled by "prime sponsors", usually a city and/or a state, but also non-profit organizations such as Alu Like in Hawaii. In fy 1978, the State of Hawaii received about $46 million as its share of CETA funds. In fy1979, Hawaii will receive about 8% less.

CETA, designed to help the economically disadvantaged and unemployed, has a dual purpose: a) A training program for the "hardcore" or "structurally" unemployed, and b) A "countercyclical" job creation program designed for those temporarily out of work due to recessions.

WHAT WAS HONOLULU'S SHARE LAST YEAR AND HOW WAS IT USED? During fy1978, the City and County received more than $30.6 million. In broad terms, $7.4 million was used to provide classroom and on-the-job training as well as work experience for more than 4500 participants. $20.5 million funded public service employment (PSE) for about three thousand individuals. There were also supportive and administrative costs.

WHAT IS THE PSE PROGRAM? The employment programs generally come under Title VI of CETA and implement the 2nd purpose -temporary employment in government jobs for different categories of unemployed. But these workers may not be used as substitutes. For instance, a CETA worker cannot take the place of someone who has retired or otherwise left his job.

Congress last year, reacting to many abuses across the country, made revisions limiting employment to 18 months. It also now requires that public service hires be "economically disadvantaged" and unemployed 15 out of the past 20 weeks. Public workers will be limited to a maximum annual salary of $11,000.

WHY DID CONGRESS MAKE THESE CHANGES? The time limit is designed to prevent local governments from permanently absorbing CETA positions into their bureaucracies and creating "career" CETA workers. It will also encourage people to move out of CETA into private sector employment. It will implement a turnover of participants thus reaching a broader segment of those in need.

The more stringent qualifying requirements and salary limits are intended to insure that CETA jobs will help the hardcore unemployed and that all jobs be entry level.

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE CETA PSE POSITIONS IN HONOLULU? The vast majority of CETA hires are blue-collar workers - file clerks, janitors, groundskeepers, carpenters, etc. The Dept of Parks and Recreation alone has 650 CETA workers. PSEs staff Satellite City Halls; they are life guards (27 out of 51) and ballet dancers; they work for the Theater for Youth company, the Neighborhood Commission, and many other departments; some are even engineers and planners. However, the thousands of youths in summer programs are not PSEs but part of another program, now called Title IV.

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