March, 1982 Home   Newsletters

April, 1982

May-June, 1982

Annual Meeting
President's Message (Barbara Farwell)
Report of the Nominating Committee
What's the Planning Committee up to?
We've Moved!
Waikiki Tour a Winner!
Are We Equal? (Sheila James & Ardis Shaw)
Ongoing Elections Projects Go On
Depository of Good Things - The International Scene (Dottie Gullicksen)
Oahu General Plan Being Revised
Contributions
Membership Update
Calendar

Are We Equal?

Ten years ago, on March 22, 1972, Hawaii ratified the ERA Amendment

Do you think that when the word "men" or the word "citizen" is used that it means all people? If the year was 1775, you would be wrong. The Declaration of Independence said, "We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal". At that time "men" meant only free men, not women at all.

In 1870, the Constitution of the United States was amended to say, "The right of the citizen of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude". Now could all people vote?

No. Only men, but now former slaves were included.

It was not until 1920, when amendment nineteen was added to the Constitution, that women were able to vote. That amendment says "The right of the citizen to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." Now women can vote - - but are they equal under the law? No.

It is 1982, and the Constitution still does not say, "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." It is time for all citizens of the United States of America to be equal. It is time to pass the Equal Rights Amendment.

Sheila James
Ardis Shaw
for VIEWPOINT

March, 1982 Top   Home   Newsletters May-June, 1982