April 1985 Home   Newsletters

May 1985

June-July 1985

Hazardous Waste Management - General Meeting
Overview of How Hazardous Wastes Are Managed in Hawaii (Anna Hoover)
President's Message (Dorothy Lum)
Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1985
Fund-Raisers: How Successful Are They?
New Dimensions in Planning, Zoning and Housing (Concluded) (Astrid Monson)
Bitterman Talks on International Broadcasting
1985 State Convention
Neighborhood Board Study
Vote Count Proves Remunerative
YW LeaderLuncheon VIII
Aloha to New Members...
May - June Calendar

Bitterman Talks on International Broadcasting

Every day more than 180 million people from all parts of the world listen to the Voice of America (VOA), headquartered in Washington, D.C. Its programs are produced by 2,300 employees and are aired via 109 high-powered antennae of surrogate stations. The success of VOA and its growing Russian listenership are attested to by the constant access jamming by the Soviets.

As the annual meeting speaker, Dr. Mary Bitterman described her 2½ years' experience as director of the U.S.'s global radio service.

VOA was established in 1942 with this challenge: To keep all people together. Thus, its programs must be international in scope not provincial. "Bear in mind," Bitterman said, "you are dealing with all kinds of audience, some from very primitive countries, and with varying tastes." The programs also must be honest and in depth. Without credibility, you lose listeners and it takes at least a year to recoup this loss.

Over 70% of the programs focuses on news, broadcast in 10-minute segments, and in 42 languages. Ten percent is devoted to music: Classic, jazz and even rock.

Transmission poses the greatest problem. Your signals must he clear and strong. There's the constant jamming by Russia. Then there is the translation work. It's difficult to conduct audience research because there's no way to get feedback. Finally, fiscal management is important in VOA's success.

Prior to her appointment by former President Carter to the VGA post, Bitterman had served for 6 years as general manager of Station KHET.

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These three members were elected to office at the annual meeting:

TREASURER: Sarah Allday, who is an English teacher at St. Andrew's Priory. Her previous experience with league includes membership on the Energy Committee and editor-ship of Leo Hana under Rhoda Miller's presidency.

DIRECTOR, 1985-87: Kathryn Albu, former director of Hawaii's Thousand Friends, and co-author with Carol Whitesell of "The Citizen's Guide to Oahu's Development Plan". She is a graduate of the University of Hawaii and the University of California's Davis' School of Law.

DIRECTOR, 1985-86: Yvonne Kearns has been Membership Chair for the past year. She is an active member of the Japanese Culture Club, Hui-O-Laulima, and the Windward Orchid Society.

Holdover officers and Board members are Dee Lum, president; Jean Aoki, vice president; Sue MacKinnon, secretary; Arlene Ellis and Dorrie Marsh, directors. The retiring officials are: Marilyn Bowman, treasurer; Nan Luter, Dorothy Gullicksen and Marty McGurk, directors.

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