April 1998 Home   Newsletters

May 1998

June-July 1998

Did Yesterday's Dream Come True? (Dee Jay Mailer)
President's Message (Grace Furukawa)
Decisions on Tax Changes Near (Astrid Monson)
L.A. Rail Project Stalled (Arlene Ellis)
Voter Service
VAWA Planning Committee Meets (Suzanne Meisenzahl)
Title IX Today
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Title IX Today

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any educational program receiving federal financial assistance.

Here is the impact Title IX has had so far:

  • In 1971, the year before Title IX was passed, girls were less than one percent of high school varsity athletes. 'Today they make up 40%.

  • In 1972, just 16% of all Ph.D.'s were awarded to women. Today that number is 39%.

  • In 1970 less than 9% of full professors were women. Today 17% are women.

  • Title IX was passed in 1972. That same year, Barbara Jordan became the first black woman elected to Congress from the South.

  • Title IX enforcement began in 1977. That year the first National Women's Conference was held in Houston.

  • Before Title IX, was passed, one in nine high school girls was involved in sports. Today one in three, or 33%, are involved in sports.

  • Before Title IX, women made up only 22 percent of elementary school principals and four percent of high school principals. Today women make up 35% of all principals.

  • Before Title IX, $100,000 per year was spent on athletic scholarships for women. Today $177 million is spent.

Thanks to the National Women's History Project

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