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The Constitution
of the
State of Hawaii

Incorporating the November 7, 2006 election changes,
and including the annotation.

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Article XIII - Organization; Collective Bargaining

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Sections

1Private employees
2Public employees

Note:

This article was renumbered from Article XII to be Article XIII by Const Con 1978 and election Nov 7, 1978. The former Article XIII now appears as Article XV.

13.1
Private employees

Persons in private employment shall have the right to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.  [Ren Const Con 1978 and election Nov 7, 1978]

13.2
Public employees

Persons in public employment shall have the right to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining as provided by law.  [Am Const Con 1968 and election Nov 5, 1968; ren and am Const Con 1978 and election Nov 7, 1978]

Cross References:

Civil servants, see §76-101.

Collective bargaining in public employment, see chapter 89.

Attorney General Opinions:

Scope of right of collective bargaining is for the legislature to decide. Att. Gen. Op. 68-27.

Case Notes:

Section 2 of Act 100, L 1999 violated the rights of public employees under this section by amending §89-9 to prohibit public employers and public employees' unions from collectively bargaining over cost items for the biennium 1999 to 2001. 100 H. 138, 58 P.3d 649.

Section 2 of Act 100, L 1999 (which amended §89-9(a)) violated this section because it withdrew from the collective bargaining process core subjects such as wages, hours, and other conditions of employment that the voters contemplated would be part of the bargaining process when they ratified this section. 101 H. 46, 62 P.3d 189

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Article XIII - Organization; Collective Bargaining

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