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Index to
the Constitution
of the State of Hawaii

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A

ACTION OR SUIT

Criminal prosecutions, requirements relating to Art. I, §14

Jury trial Art. I, §§13, 14

Statehood, effect of Art. XVIII, §9

ADVERSE POSSESSION

Limitations Art. XVI, §12

AGE

Governor Art. V, §1

Justices and judges, retirement Art. VI, §3

Legislators Art. III, §6

Voters Art. II, §1

AGRICULTURE

Farms, development of public lands for Art. XI, §10

Lands, reclassification, conservation and development Art. XI, §3

ALLOWANCES

Wages and Salaries (this index)

AMENDMENT

Constitution Art. XVII, §§1-5

Hawaiian Homes Commission Act Art. XII, §§1, 3

ANCESTRY

Discrimination or segregation because of, prohibited Art. I, §§5, 9, Art. X, §1

APPOINTMENT

Administrative director

courts Art. VI, §6

governor's office Art. V, §5

Auditor, legislative Art. VII, §10

Boards and commissions, executive departments Art. V, §6

Constitutional convention, vacancy Art. XVII, §2

Education, superintendent of Art. X, §3

Executive and administrative officers Art. V, §6

Judges Art. VI, §3

Public officers, generally Art. V, §6

University regents and president Art. X, §6

APPROPRIATIONS OF PUBLIC MONEY

Budget (this index)

Constitutional conventions Art. XVII, §2

Intergovernmental cooperation, to effect Art. XVI, §5

Lapsing Art. VII, §11

Post-audit Art. VII, §10

Public purposes, limited to Art. VII, §4

Rate of expenditure, control of Art. VII, §5

Sectarian or private educational institutions, support of, prohibited Art. X, §1

ARMED FORCES

Military (this index)

ARMS

Right to bear Art. I, §17

ARTS

Ethnic, development Art. IX, §9

ASSEMBLY

Right of Art. I, §4

ATTORNEY

Assistance of, criminal cases Art. I, §14

AUDITOR

Legislative auditor Art. VII, §10

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B

BAIL

Court may dispense with Art. I, §12

Excessive, forbidden Art. I, §12

BILL OF RIGHTS

Generally Art. I, §§1-22

BILLS

Legislature (this index)

BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS

Generally Art. V, §6

Allocation among principal departments Art. V, §6

Education, board of Art. X, §§2, 3

Natural resources management Art. XI, §2

Office of Hawaiian affairs, board of trustees Art. XII, §5

Temporary agencies Art. V, §6

University, board of regents Art. X, §6

BONDS, PUBLIC

Authorization Art. VII, §12

Debt limitation, state and county Art. VII, §13

Definitions Art. VII, §12

General obligation bonds

debt limitation Art. VII, §3

definition Art. VII, §12

funds, nonlapse of Art. VII, §11

serial form Art. VII, §13

definition Art. VII, §12

governor's report Art. VII, §12

restrictions on use Art. VII, §12

Revenues, net, definition Art. VII, §12

Special improvement statutes, issued when Art. VII, §13

User tax, definition Art. VII, §12

BOUNDARIES

State Art. XV, §1

BUDGET

Council on revenues' estimates Art. VII, §7

Formulation and submission Art. VII, §§8, 9

General fund expenditure ceiling

establishment Art. VII, §9

plan not to exceed Art. VII, §8

Judicial branch, plan Art. VII, §8

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C

CAPITAL

Legislature to convene at Art. III, §10

State Art. XV, §2

CAPITAL CRIME

Presentment or indictment by grand jury required, exception Art. I, §10

Probable cause, finding after preliminary hearing Art. I, §10

CIRCUIT COURTS

Cases, disposition, time limits Art. VI, §1

Judges

appointment Art. VI, §3

compensation Art. VI, §3

discipline Art. VI, §5

qualifications Art. VI, §3

removal Art. VI, §5

retirement Art. VI, §§3, 5

temporary service Art. VI, §§2, 6

term of office Art. VI, §3

Judicial power Art. VI, §1

Jurisdiction Art. VI, §1

CITIZENS AND CITIZENSHIP

Military service, discrimination respecting Art. I, §9

Privileges, denial of Art. I, §8

State citizenship requirement satisfied by corresponding territorial citizenship Art. XVIII, §11

State officers, appointive Art. V, §6

Voters Art. II, §1

CIVIL POWER

Supremacy over the military Art. I, §16

CIVIL RIGHTS

Denial of or discrimination concerning Art. I, §5

Enumeration Art. I, §§1-22

Restoration by governor, legislature may authorize Art. V, §5

CIVIL SERVICE

Merit principle to govern Art. XVI, §1

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

Private employees, right of Art. XIII, §1

Public employees, right of Art. XIII, §2

COMMUTATIONS

Pardons, Reprieves and Commutations (this index)

COMPENSATION

Wages and Salaries (this index)

CONDEMNATION

Fisheries, sea Art. XI, §6

Just compensation, no taking without Art. I, §20

CONGRESS

United States (this index)

CONSERVATION

Historical and cultural objects Art. IX, §7

Natural resources, generally Art. XI, §§1-11

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

Code of ethics, adoption Art. XIV

Constitutional amendments, to propose Art. XVII, §1

Organization, powers, etc. Art. XVII, §2

CONSTITUTION, STATE

Amendments

generally Art. XVII, §§1-5

legislature Art. XVII, §§1, 3

not subject to executive veto Art. XVII, §4

proposals by constitutional convention Art. XVII, §§1, 2

Conflicting revisions or amendments Art. XVII, §5

Construction Art. I, §22, Art. XVI, §§14-16

Effective date. After Art. XVIII, §11

Oath to support and defend Art. XVI, §4

Preamble. Before Art. I

Provisions, self-executing Art. XVI, §16

CONSTITUTION, UNITED STATES

Adopted. Before Art. I

Oath to support and defend Art. XVI, §4

CONVICTS

Civil rights, restoration of Art. V, §5

Criminal Law (this index)

Cruel or unusual punishment prohibited Art. I, §12

Felons, conditions for voting Art. II, §2

Pardons, reprieves, commutations Art. V, §5

COUNCIL ON REVENUES

Establishment Art. VII, §7

COUNSEL

Assistance of, criminal cases Art. I, §14

Grand jury Art. I, §11

State to provide indigents Art. I, §14

COUNTIES

Bonds

authorization of issuance Art. VII, §12

debt limit Art. VII, §13

Charter Art. VIII, §2

Claims accrued, mandated payment prohibited Art. VIII, §4

Code of ethics, adoption Art. XIV

Creation Art. VIII, §1

Intergovernmental relations Art. XVI, §5

Mandated programs, cost sharing Art. VIII, §5

Natural resources controlled by counties, management of Art. XI, §2

Population growth management Art. IX, §6

Real property taxation

functions transferred to Art. VIII, §3

transfer, effective date and application Art. XVIII, §6

Taxing power Art. VIII, §3

COURTS

Generally Art. VI, §§1-7

Administrative director Art. VI, §6

Administrative head Art. VI, §6

Circuit Courts (this index)

District Courts (this index)

Establishment by legislature Art. VI, §1

Intermediate Appellate Court (this index)

Judicial power, vesting of Art. VI, §1

Jurisdiction as provided by law Art. VI, §1

Rules and regulations Art. VI, §7

Supreme Court (this index)

CRIMINAL LAW

Accusation, informing the accused Art. I, §14

Bail may be dispensed with Art. I, §12

Civil rights, restoration of Art. V, §5

Compulsory process for obtaining witnesses Art. I, §14

Confrontation of witnesses Art. I, §14

Counsel, accused's right to assistance of Art. I, §14

Double jeopardy Art. I, §10

Excessive bail, fines, forbidden Art. I, §12

Felons, conditions for voting Art. II, §2

Impartial jury of the district Art. I, §14

Legislators, privileged from arrest Art. III, §7

Pardons, reprieves, commutations Art. V, §5

Presentment or indictment of grand jury, when required Art. I, §10

Probable cause, finding after preliminary hearing Art. I, §10

Process, practice and procedure, rules relating to Art. VI, §7

Rights of accused, generally Art. I, §§10, 12, 14

Self-incrimination Art. I, §10

Speedy and public trial Art. I, §14

Unusual or cruel punishment forbidden Art. I, §12

CULTURE

Ethnic, development Art. IX, §9

Hawaiian culture

education program Art. X, §4

traditional rights protected Art. XII, §7

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D

DEBT

Imprisonment for, prohibited Art. I, §19

DEBT LIMITATION

State and county Art. VII, §13

DEBTS AND LIABILITIES

Territory to State Art. XVIII, §10

DEFINITIONS

Eligible public officers Art. XVI, §4

Public office Art. III, §8

Taxation and finance Art. VII, §12

DEPARTMENTS, STATE

Allocation Art. V, §6

Heads of departments, appointment, term, removal Art. V, §6

Principal departments, limited to twenty Art. V, §6

DISCRIMINATION

Ancestry, on account of Art. I, §§5, 9, Art. X, §1

Civil rights Art. I, §5

Educational institutions, public Art. X, §1

Military service Art. I, §9

Race, on account of Art. I, §§5, 9, Art. X, §1

Religion, on account of Art. I, §§5, 9, Art. X, §1

Sex, on account of Art. I, §§3, 5, Art. X, §1

DISQUALIFICATION

Appointment, interim Art. V, §6

Governor Art. V, §1

Impeachment, as result of Art. III, §19

Judges Art. VI, §3

Legislators Art. III, §8

Public officer or employee Art. XVI, §3

Voters Art. II, §2

DISTRICT COURTS

Cases, disposition, time limits Art. VI, §1

Judges

appointment Art. VI, §3

compensation Art. VI, §3

discipline Art. VI, §5

qualifications Art. VI, §3

removal Art. VI, §5

retirement Art. VI, §§3, 5

suspension Art. VI, §5

temporary service Art. VI, §2

term of office Art. VI, §3

vacancy, filling of Art. VI, §3

Judicial power Art. VI, §1

Jurisdiction Art. VI, §1

DISTRICTS

Congressional, reapportionment Art. IV, §§2, 9

Reapportionment. Legislature (this index)

Representative Art. III, §3

School board Art. X, §2

Senatorial Art. III, §2

DOUBLE JEOPARDY

Protection from Art. I, §10

DUE PROCESS OF LAW

Deprival of life, liberty or property without, forbidden Art. I, §5

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E

EDUCATION

Generally Art. X, §§1-6

Board of education

generally Art. X, §2

initial members Art. XVIII, §7

nonvoting members Art. X, §2

powers Art. X, §3

student member Art. X, §2

Hawaiian education program Art. X, §4

Private institutions, public support prohibited Art. X, §1

Public education system to be provided Art. X, §1

Public libraries Art. X, §1

School board districts Art. X, §2

Sectarian institution, public support prohibited Art. X, §1

Superintendent Art. X, §3

University of Hawaii (this index)

ELDERLY

Security for, providing Art. IX, §4

ELECTIONS

Absentee voting Art. II, §4

Age qualification for voting Art. II, §1

Campaign contribution limit, establishment Art. II, §6

Campaign fund, public Art. II, §5

Campaign spending limit, establishment Art. II, §5

Candidates

legislators, qualifications Art. III, §6

reapportionment commission member, eligibility Art. IV, §2

unopposed Art. III, 4

Chief election officer

providing for Art. IV, §3

reapportionment commission secretary Art. IV, §2

Citizenship qualifications for voting Art. II, §1

Constitutional amendment Art. XVII, §§2, 3

Constitutional convention delegates Art. XVII, §2

Contested Art. II, §10

Disfranchisement Art. I, §8

Education, board of Art. X, §2

Felons, conditions for voting Art. II, §2

General, date of Art. II, §8

Governor Art. V, §1

Legislature, members of Art. III, §4, Art. IV, §8

Lieutenant governor Art. V, §2

Method of voting Art. II, §4

Non compos mentis disqualified from voting Art. II, §2

Presidential preference primary Art. II, §9

Primary

held when Art. II, §8

party preference, no requirement Art. II, §4

unopposed candidate for legislature deemed elected Art. III, §4

Public officer as candidate, resignation before running Art. II, §7

Reapportionment Art. IV, §7

Registration of voters Art. II, §4

Residence qualifications for voting Art. II, §1

Secrecy of voting preserved Art. II, §4

Special Art. II, §8

Unopposed candidate deemed elected at primary Art. III, §4

Voting

qualifications Art. II, §§1, 2

secrecy preserved Art. II, §4

EMINENT DOMAIN

Just compensation required Art. I, §20

Sea fisheries Art. XI, §6

ENERGY

Nuclear, approval and storage Art. XI, §8

Resources, conservation and development Art. XI, §1

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Official state language Art. XV, §4

ENVIRONMENT

Environmental rights Art. XI, §9

Healthful, preservation Art. IX, §8

Natural Resources (this index)

EQUAL PROTECTION OF LAWS

Denial forbidden Art. I, §5

Rights of individuals Art. I, §2

EQUAL RIGHTS

Denial on account of sex forbidden Art. I, §3

ETHICS

Code Art. XIV

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

State sovereign rights reserved Art. XI, §11

EXECUTIVE

Agencies

allocation of Art. V, §6

temporary Art. V, §6

Departments, principal Art. V, §6

Governor (this index)

Powers Art. V, §§1, 5

Public Officers and Employees (this index)

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F

FINANCE

Bonds, Public (this index)

Counties (this index)

Taxation and finance Art. VII, §§1-13

FINES

Excessive, forbidden Art. I, §12

Imposition by legislature, as punishment of nonmembers Art. III, §18

FISHERIES

Condemnation Art. XI, §6

Exclusive economic zone, sovereign rights reserved Art. XI, §11

Sea, public rights to Art. XI, §6

FLAG

State Art. XV, §3

FORMER JEOPARDY

Right not to be in jeopardy twice for same offense Art. I, §10

FREEDOM

Religion, speech, press, assembly, petition Art. I, §4

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G

GOVERNOR

Absence or disability Art. V, §4

Administrative director, appointment Art. V, §5

Appointment and removal power Art. V, §6

Armed forces, commander in chief of Art. V, §5

Bonds

exceeding debt limit, determination of emergency Art. VII, §13

report on amount of special purpose revenue bonds Art. VII, §12

Budget

council on revenues' estimates, consideration of Art. VII, §7

formulation and submission Art. VII, §8

Circuit court judges, appointment Art. VI, §3

Civil rights, restoration Art. V, §5

Commission on legislative salary, appointment Art. III, §9

Compensation Art. V, §3

Constitutional convention, filling vacancy in Art. XVII, §2

Election Art. V, §§1, 2

Eligibility to hold other positions Art. V, §1

Executive powers Art. V, §§1, 5

Heads of principal departments, appointment, removal Art. V, §6

Impeachment Art. III, §19, Art. V, §4

Interim appointment of officers Art. V, §6

Intermediate appellate court judges, appointment Art. VI, §3

Invasion, repelling Art. V, §5

Judges, appointment Art. VI, §3

Judicial selection commission, appointment of members Art. VI, §4

Lawless violence, prevention of Art. V, §5

Laws, execution of Art. V, §5

Legislature (this index)

Officers generally, appointment, removal Art. V, §6

Pardons, reprieves, commutations Art. V, §5

Qualifications Art. V, §1

Removal Art. III, §19

Supreme court justices, appointment Art. VI, §3

Term of office Art. V, §1, Art. XVIII, §4

University of Hawaii, board of regents, appointment Art. X, §6

Vacancy in office Art. V, §4

GRAND JURY

Counsel Art. I, §11

Indictment necessary, exceptions Art. I, §10

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H

HABEAS CORPUS

Suspension of writ Art. I, §15

HANDICAPPED PERSONS

State care Art. IX, §2

HAWAIIAN AFFAIRS

Board of trustees

creation Art. XII, §5

powers Art. XII, §6

Effective date Art. XVIII, §8

Funds for Art. XII, §1

Hawaiian education program Art. X, §4

Hawaiian Homes Commission Act (this index)

Office of, establishment Art. XII, §5

Public lands trust Art. XII, §4

Traditional rights, protection Art. XII, §7

HAWAIIAN EDUCATION

Program Art. X, §4

HAWAIIAN FLAG

State flag, designated as Art. XV, §3

HAWAIIAN HOME LANDS

Funds for Art. XII, §1

Management and disposition Art. XII, §§1, 2

HAWAIIAN HOMES COMMISSION ACT

Adoption Art. XII, §3

Amendment of Art. XII, §§1, 3

Compact with United States, subject of Art. XII, §§1-3

Part of Constitution Art. XII, §§1-3

Rehabilitation fund, use of state receipts for Art. XII, §1

State receipts, use of Art. XII, §1

HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE

Education program Art. X, §4

Official state language Art. XV, §4

HEALTH AND WELFARE

Generally Art. IX, §§1-10

Culture, development Art. IX, §9

Elderly, economic security Art. IX, §4

Environment, preservation of healthful Art. IX, §8

Handicapped persons, care Art. IX, §2

Housing Art. IX, §5

Intergovernmental cooperation on Art. XVI, §5

Population growth management Art. IX, §6

Public assistance Art. IX, §3

Public safety Art. IX, §10

Sightliness and physical good order Art. IX, §7

Slum clearance Art. IX, §5

State powers and duties Art. IX, §1

HISTORICAL SITES

Conservation and development Art. IX, §7

HOLIDAYS

Bill signing period, excluded from Art. III, §16

Days of session, excluded in computing Art. III, §10

HOME OWNERSHIP

Development of public lands for Art. XI, §10

HONOLULU

Capital of State Art. XV, §2

HOUSING

Assistance, providing Art. IX, §5

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I

IMMUNITIES

Legislature, members of Art. III, §7

Special, limitations on Art. I, §21

IMPEACHMENT

Conviction, effect of Art. III, §19

Governor Art. III, §19, Art. V, §4

Lieutenant governor Art. III, §19, Art. V, §4

Officers, appointive Art. III, §19

Procedure Art. III, §19

IMPRISONMENT

Debt, imprisonment for, prohibited Art. I, §19

Legislature may punish nonmembers by Art. III, §18

INDICTMENT

When necessary Art. I, §10

INFAMOUS CRIME

Presentment of indictment by grand jury, required, exception Art. I, §10

Probable cause, finding after preliminary hearing Art. I, §10

INSANE AND INCOMPETENT PERSONS

Non compos mentis, disqualified to vote Art. II, §2

INSURRECTION

Debts to suppress Art. VII, §13

Suppression Art. V, §5

INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS

Cooperation on public health, safety and general welfare Art. XVI, §5

INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT

Cases, disposition, time limits Art. VI, §1

Judges

appointment Art. VI, §3

compensation Art. VI, §3

discipline Art. VI, §5

qualifications Art. VI, §3

removal Art. VI, §5

retirement Art. VI, §§3, 5

suspension Art. VI, §5

temporary service Art. VI, §2

term of office Art. VI, §3

Judicial power Art. VI, §1

Jurisdiction Art. VI, §1

INVASION

Armed forces to repel Art. V, §5

Debts to repel Art. VII, §13

Suspension of writ of habeas corpus in case of Art. I, §15

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J

JEOPARDY

Double Art. I, §10

JOHNSTON ISLAND

Not within State Art. XV, §1

JUDICIAL DISCIPLINE, COMMISSION ON

Creation Art. VI, §5

JUDICIAL SALARY COMMISSION

Functions Art. VI, §3

JUDICIAL SELECTION COMMISSION

Establishment Art. VI, §4

Judges

appointment of Art. VI, §3

district court, filling vacancy Art. VI, §3

list of nominees Art. VI, §3

renewal of term by Art. VI, §3

Members

initial terms Art. XVIII, §5

qualification and selection Art. VI, §4

JUDICIARY

Generally Art. VI, §§1-7

Administrative director, appointment Art. VI, §6

Circuit Courts (this index)

Courts (this index)

District Courts (this index)

Intermediate Appellate Court (this index)

Judicial power, vesting of Art. VI, §1

Supreme Court (this index)

JURY

Criminal cases Art. I, §14

Grand jury

counsel Art. I, §11

requirement of presentment or indictment, by Art. I, §10

Suits at common law, when trial by jury preserved Art. I, §13

Verdict in civil cases, by less than twelve Art. I, §13

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K

KALAWAO

Real property taxation, exception Art. VIII, §3

KINGMAN REEF

Not within State Art. XV, §1

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L

LABOR RELATIONS

Collective bargaining Art. XIII, §§1, 2

Right to organize Art. XIII, §§1, 2

LANDS

Conditions of grant upon statehood, consented to by State Art. XVI, §8

Federal, taxation of Art. XVI, §9

Hawaii National Park, under United States jurisdiction Art. XVI, §10

Public Lands (this index)

Quieting title Art. XVI, §12

Resources, conservation and development Art. XI, §1

Title to territorial land set aside for use of United States Art. XVI, §6

Trust provisions imposed by Congress Art. XVI, §7

LANGUAGE

Official state languages Art. XV, §4

Plain language, use of Art. XVI, §13

LAWS

Bills. Legislature (this index)

Continuity of Art. XVIII, §9

Due process of Art. I, §5

Equal protection Art. I, §5

General laws, powers of legislature Art. VIII, §2

Legislative power, general Art. III, §1

Plain language, use of Art. XVI, §13

Respecting freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition Art. I, §4

Statewide, power to enact Art. VIII, §6

Suspension of Art. I, §15

LEGISLATIVE SALARY, COMMISSION ON

Appointment, duties Art. III, §9

LEGISLATURE

Generally Art. III, §§1-19

Absentee voting, providing for Art. II, §4

Adjournment Art. III, §§11, 13

Appointive officers, impeachment of Art. III, §19

Appropriations

controls over Art. VII, §5

passage of measure relating to Art. VII, §9

Auditor, appointment, removal, duties Art. VII, §10

Ayes and noes, when entered in journal Art. III, §§12, 13, 17, Art. XVII, §3

Bills

amendment Art. III, §15

amendment after veto Art. III, §16

items subject to veto and reduction Art. III, §16

procedure Art. VII, §9

supplemental Art. VII, §9

approval Art. III, §16

carried over between sessions Art. III, §15

certification Art. III, §§15, 16

dates for introduction, rules for Art. III, §12

enacting clause Art. III, §14

enactment of laws, only by bill Art. III, §14

final passage, vote required for Art. III, §13

final reading Art. III, §15

readings Art. III, §15

recall from committee of Art. III, §12

subject, restricted to one Art. III, §14

title Art. III, §14

transmittal to governor Art. III, §16

procedures upon Art. III, §§16, 17

reconsideration by legislature after adjournment Art. III, §16

Bonds

authorization Art. VII, §12

determination within debt limit Art. VII, §13

Budget, governor to prepare and submit Art. VII, §8

Campaign contribution limit, providing for Art. II, §6

Campaign fund, establishment Art. II, §5

Campaign spending limit, establishment Art. II, §5

Code of ethics, adoption Art. XIV

Compensation Art. III, §9, Art. XVIII, §3

Constitution, amendments to Art. XVII, §§1-3

Contempt of Art. III, §18

Council on revenues' estimates, consideration of Art. VII, §7

Counties, creation of Art. VIII, §1

Courts, establishment Art. VI, §1

Debt limit, emergency determination of need to exceed Art. VII, §13

Funds for Hawaiian affairs, providing of Art. XII, §1

General appropriations bill, passage of Art. VII, §9

General fund expenditure ceiling Art. VII, §9

General obligation bond appropriations, determination of nonlapsing Art. VII, §11

Governor

extended or special session Art. III, §10

impeachment of Art. III, §19

message of Art. V, §5

recommendations of Art. V, §5

submission of bills by Art. V, §5, Art. VII, §§8, 9

House of representatives

districts Art. III, §3

number Art. III, §3

qualifications Art. III, §6

terms Art. III, §4

speaker, judicial selection commission, appointment of member Art. VI, §4

Impeachment of officers Art. III, §19

Income taxation, providing for Art. VII, §2

Intergovernmental relations, providing for Art. XVI, §5

Journal

entry of votes in Art. III, §§12, 13, 17, Art. XVII, §3

keeping of Art. III, §12

Legislative power, general Art. III, §1

Legislative salary commission Art. III, §9

Lieutenant governor, impeachment of Art. III, §19

Meetings, open to public Art. III, §12

Members in general

compensation Art. III, §9, Art. XVIII, §3

compulsory attendance Art. III, §13

disqualifications Art. III, §8

election of Art. III, §4

holding other positions Art. III, §8

privileges of Art. III, §7

punishment of Art. III, §12

qualifications, each house judge of Art. III, §12

term of office to begin, when Art. III, §4

unopposed candidates Art. III, §4

Minimum representation Art. IV, §5

Nonmembers, punishment of Art. III, §18

Nuclear energy, approval Art. XI, §8

Officers, choosing Art. III, §12

Organization Art. III, §12

Political subdivisions, creation of Art. VIII, §1

Privacy, implement right to Art. I, §6

Quorum Art. III, §13

Reapportionment

commission Art. IV, §2

among Art. IV, §4

within Art. IV, §6

judicial review Art. IV, §10

minimum representation Art. IV, §5

senators Art. IV, §7

staggered terms Art. IV, §§7, 8

years Art. IV, §1

Reclassification of agricultural lands Art. XI, §3

Registration of voter, providing for Art. II, §4

Revenues, excess, disposition of Art. VII, §6

Rules of procedure Art. III, §12

Salary plan, submission and effectiveness Art. III, §9

Senate

appointment of officers, advice and consent Art. V, §6

board of regents, confirming appointment of Art. X, §6

districts Art. III, §2

judges, confirmation of appointments Art. VI, §3

number Art. III, §2

qualifications Art. III, §6

terms Art. III, §4, Art. IV, §8, Art. XVIII, §2

president, judicial selection commission, appointment of member Art. VI, §4

rejection of judicial appointment Art. VI, §3

removal of chief legal officer, advice and consent Art. V, §6

staggered terms Art. IV, §§7, 8, Art. XVIII, §2

upon reapportionment Art. IV, §7

Sessions

compensation Art. III, §9, Art. XVIII, §3

extension Art. III, §10

length Art. III, §10

number of days, computing Art. III, §§10, 16

recess Art. III, §10

reconsideration of bills returned after adjournment Art. III, §16

regular Art. III, §10

senate alone Art. III, §10

special Art. III, §10

time and place Art. III, §10

Statewide laws, enactment Art. VIII, §6

Suspension of writ of habeas corpus and laws Art. I, §15

Vacancy Art. III, §5

Verdict in civil cases, may provide for Art. I, §13

Vote, ordinary business Art. III, §13

Voting methods, prescribing Art. II, §4

Water resources agency, establishment Art. XI, §7

LIBERTY

Deprival without due process of law forbidden Art. I, §5

Rights of individuals Art. I, §2

LIBRARIES

Public, establishment Art. X, §1

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR

Absence or disability Art. V, §4

Compensation Art. V, §3

Constitutional convention, convening of Art. XVII, §2

Duties, to be prescribed by law Art. V, §2

Election Art. V, §2

Impeachment Art. III, §19, Art. V, §4

Qualifications Art. V, §2

Removal Art. III, §19

Succession to governor's office Art. V, §§3, 4

Term of office Art. V, §2, Art. XVIII, §4

Vacancy in office Art. V, §4

LIFE

Deprival without due process of law forbidden Art. I, §5

Rights of individuals Art. I, §2

LOYALTY

Oath, public officer Art. XVI, §4

Requirements for public employment Art. XVI, §3

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

M

MANDAMUS

Reapportionment of legislature, to compel Art. IV, §10

MARINE RESOURCES

Exclusive economic zone, sovereign rights reserved Art. XI, §11

Management by State Art. XI, §6

Mariculture, establishment Art. XI, §6

MARITIME LAW

Exclusive economic zones Art. XI, §11

MIDWAY ISLANDS

Not within State Art. XV, §1

MILITARY

Capital crimes arising in armed forces Art. I, §10

Discrimination in denial of enlistment, prohibited Art. I, §9

Execution of laws Art. V, §5

Governor, commander in chief Art. V, §5

Insurrection, invasion, violence, suppression of Art. V, §5

Power subordinate to civil power Art. I, §16

Segregation prohibited Art. I, §9

Soldiers, quartering of Art. I, §18

MINERAL RESOURCES

Conservation and development Art. XI, §1

Exclusive economic zone Art. XI, §11

MOTTO

State Art. XV, §5

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

N

NATURAL RESOURCES

Agricultural lands, conservation and development Art. XI, §3

Conservation and development Art. XI, §§1-11

Environmental rights Art. XI, §9

Exclusive economic zone Art. XI, §11

Marine resources Art. XI, §6

Public Lands (this index)

Public trust, as Art. XI, §1

Water resources agency, establishment Art. XI, §7

Water resources, protection Art. XI, §7

NUCLEAR ENERGY

Storage and approval Art. XI, §8

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

O

OATH AND AFFIRMATION

Public officer, oath of office Art. XVI, §4

Warrants, searches and seizures, supported by Art. I, §7

OFFICERS

Public Officers and Employees (this index)

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

P

PALMYRA

Excluded from state boundaries Art. XV, §1

PARDONS, REPRIEVES AND COMMUTATIONS

Governor's power Art. V, §5

Impeachment, pardons for Art. V, §5

Regulation by law Art. V, §5

PARKS

Generally Art. IX, §7

National, jurisdiction and control Art. XVI, §10

PEOPLE

Bill of rights, generally Art. I, §§1-22

Enumeration of rights, not to impair others retained Art. I, §22

Political power inherent in Art. I, §1

PETITION

Right of Art. I, §4

POLITICAL POWER

Inherent in people Art. I, §1

Responsibility for exercise of Art. I, §1

POPULATION

Growth management Art. IX, §6

POWER

Civil over military Art. I, §16

Political, inherent in people Art. I, §1

State

enumeration not to limit Art. XVI, §15

impairment by grant of special privileges prohibited Art. I, §21

PRESENTMENT

When necessary Art. I, §10

PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY

May be held Art. II, §9

PRESS

Freedom of Art. I, §4

PRIVACY

Invasion of Art. I, §7

Right to Art. I, §6

PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES

Legislature, members of Art. III, §7

Special, irrevocable, prohibited Art. I, §21

PROPERTY

Deprival without due process of law forbidden Art. I, §5

Eminent domain Art. I, §20

Federal, taxation of Art. XVI, §9

Private

damaging for public use Art. I, §20

right to acquire and possess Art. I, §2

subject to regulation for public sightliness Art. IX, §7

taking for public use Art. I, §20

Public grants respecting Art. VII, §4

PUBLIC ASSISTANCE

Health and Welfare (this index)

PUBLIC LANDS

Acquisition of by State Art. XI, §4

Farm and home ownership, development for Art. XI, §10

Federal lands Art. XVI, §§6, 9

Land banking Art. XI, §4

Laws respecting, required to be general, exceptions Art. XI, §5

Management and disposition of Art. XI, §§2, 5, 10

Public trust as Art. XII, §4, Art. XVI, §7

PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

Appointive officers generally Art. V, §6

Civil service Art. XVI, §1

Code of ethics Art. XIV

Disqualification for employment Art. XVI, §3

Elected officer, resignation before running for another office Art. II, §7

Head of principal department

appointment Art. V, §6

removal Art. V, §6

term Art. V, §6

Impeachment Art. III, §19

Interim appointments Art. V, §6

Legislator, disqualifications of Art. III, §8

Merit principle Art. XVI, §1

Oath of office Art. XVI, §4

Organize for collective bargaining, right to Art. XIII, §2

Principal executive officer of board or commission, appointment Art. V, §6

Removal Art. III, §19

Retirement system Art. XVI, §2

PUBLIC SAFETY

Providing for Art. IX, §10

PUNISHMENT

Unusual or cruel, forbidden Art. I, §12

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Q

QUIETING TITLE

Lands Art. XVI, §12

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

R

RACE

Discrimination, prohibited Art. I, §§5, 9, Art. X, §1

REAL PROPERTY

Lands (this index)

REAPPORTIONMENT

Generally Art. IV, §§1-10

Commission Art. IV, §2

Congress Art. IV, §§2, 9

Legislature Art. IV, §§1-8, 10

REBELLION

Armed forces to suppress, use of Art. V, §5

Debts to suppress Art. VII, §13

Suspension of writ of habeas corpus in case of Art. I, §15

REFERENDUM

Constitutional amendments Art. XVII, §§2, 3

Constitutional conventions, convening Art. XVII, §2

REGISTRATION

Voters Art. II, §4

RELIGION

Discrimination, prohibited Art. I, §§5, 9, Art. X, §1

Freedom of Art. I, §4

Hawaiian traditional practices, protection Art. XII, §7

Public grants respecting Art. VII, §4

Sectarian educational institutions, public support prohibited Art. X, §1

REMOVAL FROM OFFICE

Appointive officers, generally Art. V, §6

Auditor, legislative Art. VII, §10

Chief legal officer Art. V, §6

Governor Art. III, §19

Heads of principal departments Art. V, §6

Impeachment, on conviction of Art. III, §19

Judges Art. VI, §5

Legislator Art. III, §12

Lieutenant governor Art. III, §19

Principal executive officer Art. V, §6

REPRIEVES

Pardons, Reprieves and Commutations (this index)

RESIDENCE

Appointive officers Art. V, §6

Governor Art. V, §1

Persons engaged in navigation Art. II, §3

Persons in employ of United States Art. II, §3

Representatives Art. III, §6

Senators Art. III, §6

State, meeting requirements of Art. XVIII, §11

Students Art. II, §3

Voter Art. II, §1

RETIREMENT

Employees' retirement system Art. XVI, §2

Judges Art. VI, §§3, 5

REVENUE BONDS

Bonds, Public (this index)

RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS

Civil Rights (this index)

RULES

Constitutional convention Art. XVII, §2

Legislature, for proceedings of Art. III, §12

Supreme court Art. VI, §7

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

S

SALARIES

Wages and Salaries (this index)

SAND ISLAND

Not within State Art. XV, §1

SCHOOLS

Education (this index)

University of Hawaii (this index)

SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

Unreasonable, prohibited Art. I, §7

Warrants, restrictions Art. I, §7

SEGREGATION

Military organizations, prohibited Art. I, §9

SELF-INCRIMINATION

Criminal cases Art. I, §10

SEX

Discrimination in education, prohibited Art. X, §1

Discrimination on account of, forbidden Art. I, §5

Equal rights, denial on account of sex forbidden Art. I, §3

SLUM CLEARANCE

Power in State Art. IX, §5

SOLDIERS

Quartering of Art. I, §18

SPEECH

Freedom of Art. I, §4

Legislators, privilege of Art. III, §7

SPLINTERED PADDLE, LAW OF

Adoption Art. IX, §10

STATE OF HAWAII

Acquisition of land by Art. XI, §4

Boundaries Art. XV, §1

Capital Art. XV, §2

Debt limitation Art. VII, §13

Exclusive economic zone Art. XI, §11

Flag Art. XV, §3

Intergovernmental cooperation Art. XVI, §5

Judicial rights

preserved for State, accepted Art. XVI, §11

reserved to United States, consented to Art. XVI, §11

Languages Art. XV, §4

Motto Art. XV, §5

Political power inherent in people Art. I, §1

Programs, transferred to counties, cost sharing Art. VIII, §5

Residence, citizenship, other qualifications, satisfaction of Art. XVIII, §11

Sovereign rights Art. XI, §11

Special privileges, limitation on granting of Art. I, §21

Trust provisions concerning lands, compliance with Art. XVI, §7

SUFFRAGE

Elections (this index)

SUITS

Action or Suit (this index)

SUNDAYS

Legislature

bills, excluded from signing period Art. III, §16

days of session, excluded from Art. III, §10

SUPREME COURT

Administrative director, approval of appointment Art. VI, §6

Administrative head, chief justice as Art. VI, §6

Cases, disposition, time limits Art. VI, §1

Chief justice

administrative director, appointment Art. VI, §6

administrative head of courts Art. VI, §6

appointment Art. VI, §3

budget plan, submission Art. VII, §8

district court, filling vacancy Art. VI, §3

impeachment of governor and lieutenant governor, presiding at Art. III, §19

judges, temporary assignment of Art. VI, §§2, 6

judicial selection commission, appointment of members Art. VI, §4

vacancy or absence Art. VI, §2

Commission on judicial discipline, creation Art. VI, §5

Constituted how Art. VI, §2

Judges, temporary service by Art. VI, §§2, 6

Judicial power vested in Art. VI, §1

Jurisdiction Art. VI, §1

Justices

appointment Art. VI, §3

compensation Art. VI, §3

discipline Art. VI, §5

qualification Art. VI, §3

removal Art. VI, §5

retirement Art. VI, §§3, 5

temporary service by Art. VI, §2

term Art. VI, §3

Reapportionment of legislature, jurisdiction concerning Art. IV, §10

Rules and regulations for courts Art. VI, §7

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

T

TAXATION

Counties (this index)

Federal lands and property Art. XVI, §9

Income taxation, providing for Art. VII, §2

Net user tax receipts, definition Art. VII, §12

Public purposes, limited to Art. VII, §4

Real property

county power Art. VIII, §3

effective date and application of transfer Art. XVIII, §6

Refund or credit, disposition of excess revenues Art. VII, §6

Taxing power

inalienable Art. VII, §1

reserved to State, exception Art. VIII, §3

Tax review commission Art. VII, §3

United States' laws, adoption of Art. VII, §2

User tax, definition Art. VII, §12

TERRITORY OF HAWAII

Debts and liabilities assumed Art. XVIII, §10

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

U

UNITED STATES

Congressional districts, reapportionment Art. IV, §§2, 9

Constitution, adopted. Before Art. I

Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, compact with State respecting Art. XII, §§1-3

Hawaii National Park, jurisdiction and control Art. XVI, §10

House of representatives, reapportionment Art. IV, §§2, 9

Income taxation laws, adoption Art. VII, §2

Laws relating to lands, continued Art. XVIII, §9

Property, taxation by State Art. XVI, §9

Reservation of judicial rights, consented to by State Art. XVI, §11

Rights reserved to United States, consented to by State Art. XVI, §8

Title to territorial lands set aside for use of Art. XVI, §6

Trust provisions concerning land, State to comply Art. XVI, §7

UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII

Board of regents, appointment, powers Art. X, §6

Established Art. X, §5

President Art. V, §6, Art. X, §6

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

V

VACANCIES

Appointment of officers, generally Art. V, §6

Chief justice Art. VI, §2

Constitutional convention Art. XVII, §2

Courts Art. VI, §§2, 3

Governor Art. V, §4

Interim appointment to fill Art. V, §6

Legislature Art. III, §5

Lieutenant governor Art. V, §4

VERDICT

Civil cases, may be by less than twelve Art. I, §13

VETO

Appropriation bills, item veto Art. III, §16

Bills, generally Art. III, §§16, 17

Overriding Art. III, §§16, 17

Proposed constitutional amendment, not subject to veto Art. XVII, §4

VOTING

Elections (this index)

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

W

WAGES AND SALARIES

Governor Art. V, §3

Judges Art. VI, §3

Judges, salary commission Art. VI, §3

Legislators Art. III, §9, Art. XVIII, §3

Lieutenant governor Art. V, §3

WAR

Bonds to defend State Art. VII, §13

Crimes in time of, trial for Art. I, §10

WARRANTS

Searches and seizures Art. I, §7

WATER RESOURCES

Agency, establishment Art. XI, §7

Conservation and development Art. XI, §1

Protection Art. XI, §7

WELFARE

Health and Welfare (this index)

WITNESSES

Confrontation, criminal cases Art. I, §14

Process for obtaining, criminal cases Art. I, §14

Self-incriincrimination Art. I, §10

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Z

ZONING

Agricultural lands, reclassification Art. XI, §3

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