January 1974 Home   Newsletters

Spring 1974

Summer 1974

Environmental News (Jackie Parnell)
Hawaii's Land Use Boundary Review
Which Is What? Environmental Council / Quality Commission
What's an EIS?
How's the Quality of Your Air?
Hawaii Receives Coastal Zone Planning Funds
Do You Need a Water Permit ? !!! ###
FRESH - Facilities Requirements Evaluation, State of Hawaii
What Is the League Doing?
Kauai LWV Take a Bow

How's the Quality of Your Air?

LEAGUE POSITION: Responsibility for control of air pollution should be shared by government at three levels. Enforcement should be carried out at lower levels of government, but the Federal Government should have the ultimate power to enforce standards if lower levels do not meet this responsibility.

LEGISLATION IN EFFECT: The Clean Air Amendments Act of 1970 (CAA) extended and amended the 1967 Air Quality Act by giving the Fed. Gov. the responsibility for setting nationwide standards: 1) primary standards to protect the public health, 2) secondary standards to protect the public welfare. Hawaii enacted Act 100 in 1972 under which the Dept. of Health issued regulations on ambient air pollution control. Variances from these regulations have been granted to HECO and auto wreckers.

DECISIONS AHEAD: Variances will be requested under the guise of economics and energy conservation. EPA has require regulation be set for indirect sources such as shopping centers, airports, and requires a definition of non-degradation of air. Interrelatedness of pollution control functions with land use continually surface.

LEAGUE POSITION: The public should participate in decisions on all phases of air pollution control,

LEGISLATION IN EFFECT AND DECISIONS AHEAD: The CAA gave citizens the right to present testimony at hearings. Citizens are allowed to submit written comments on proposed national air quality standards. For the first time citizen suits were filed against violators of emission standards without having to prove damage. EPA administrators may be sued for failure to perform a mandatory duty, and certain courts may be petitioned for judicial review of national ambient air standards, performance standards, emission standards or implementation of compliance with Federal and or State standards.

LEAGUE POSITION: Support measure to reduce vehicular pollution, including emission inspection and controls, changes in engine design, fuel type and composition, and development of alternative transportation systems.

LEGISLATION IN EFFECT AND DECISIONS AHEAD: The deadline for meeting auto pollution controls were extended to 1975: and 1977 for carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons: 1978 for nitrogen oxides. All auto pollution, controls and standards will be contested hotly because of their major implications for air quality and for the economic impact on the automobile and fuel industries - a large part of the economy. In 1973 - 74 the League opposed duel standards to permit regional variations in auto emission standards.

January 1974 Top   Home   Newsletters Summer 1974